Text & Pictures: Serge Van Heertum - Translation: David Niemegeerts sbap 2016

The "Technik Museum" at Speyer was inaugurated on April 11th, 1991 and is the counterpart of the "Auto und Technik Museum" at Sinsheim.
See our pages on the subject: http://www.sbap.be/museum/sinsheim/sinsheim.htm
As the museum at Sinsheim reached its limits regarding the exhibition space, Eberhard Layer started to look for a location conducive to build a second museum and in doing so, to continue to collect technical treasures, be them aeronautical, spatial, naval or automobile.
The Speyer museum located in Rheinland Pfalz, has an exhibition area of 150.000m in open air and 25.000 m internal space. But more interesting is the fact that Speyer itself is linked to aviation history. The main building called "Liller Halle" is registered in the patrimonial of historical monuments, having been built in 1913 in Northern France at Lesquin, near Lille, for the Thomson Company of Houston.
At the start of the First World War, the entire building was disassembled by the German Imperial occupation forces and rebuild bit by bit at Speyer in 1915 to provide a base for the Ets Pfalz-Flugzeugwerke.
Once the war was over, the French occupation army in Rheinland seized the factory to put up storage for military vehicles which stayed until 1926. The last French contingent left the city in 1930 and from 1937 to 1945, the site served as a garage and reconversion workshop for the Flugwerke Saarpfalz aircraft.
At the end of the Second World War, the factory was once again in a French occupation zone and served as a military quarter being slowly dismantled. At last on December 30, 1986, the French Army left definitively this quarter named "Quartier Martin".
What can be seen in this museum? As the name states and the same as with the big brother at Sinsheim; everything that has to do with technical matters. An unbelievable collection of cars comprising the famous Bentley 4.5L, through the Jaguar Type D, but also a Mercedes 500K from 1935, "tuned" by Erdman & Rossi. Joy allover for the amateurs of motorcycles or four wheels
The naval industry is represented as well with a rescue vessel baptized "John T. Esserberg", some pocket-submarines, a German specialty during WWII or the U-9 submarine, masterpiece of the German Navy. Also railway transport is present with amongst others as a locomotive right from China with the sweet name of "Qian Jin".
And there are much more of such beauties, but let us have a look at the aeronautical part of this museum.
The museum gathers around 70 airplanes and helicopters, displayed outside or in the "Liller Halle" for the more precious of them. Among this collection you have the prototype of the Potez-Heinkel CM.191, an authentic part of a Mitusbishi Zero, a Canadair CL-13B Sabre 6 or one of the rare preserved VFW Fokker VFW614.
You will also find some giants of the skies such as an Antonov An-22 which flew in to the nearby airfield of Speyer or even a Boeing B-747 offered by Lufthansa. This "Jumbo" has landed at Baden-Solingen and was then disassembled, transported by ship, and reassembled at the museum. A pharaonic enterprise! Exhibited on a height, the aircraft is accessible and open to the public, but be careful, not advised for people with vertigo, because a little walk on the wing of this giant is also possible.
But the aeronautical aspect is not narrowed down to aviation alone, spatial adventure is evoked through quite beautiful pieces such as an authentic moonstone brought back by the Apollo XV mission. The major spatial exhibit is without a doubt the space shuttle "Buran" and this is not a full scale mock-up. It is the prototype which served for the gliding flight tests and was built in 1984. Until 1989 this shuttle flew about 25 flights and contributed to the success of the launch of another "Buran" in 1988. The program was definitively abandoned in 1993 and the shuttle at the museum was bought by an investment group and exhibited in various parts of the world ending its tour via Bahrain. After financial problems with the group, the "Buran" shuttle was acquired by the museum in 2003.
The shuttle left Bahrain by ship, bound to Speyer, through the Suez Canal, the coasts of Sicily, around Spain and Portugal, the Atlantic Ocean, the Channel to Rotterdam. There she was, transferred to an especially built barge to navigate up the Rhine to Speyer. This was a great adventure, of which the museum can be proud of.
Finally the museum also has a great number of engines on display as well as an incredible collection of flying helmets from various eras and origins.
So far for the written part, just have a look at the pictures and why not, plan a visit to this more than exciting place. As we mentioned on our pages on the Sinsheim museum, it is possible to book a two days reservation with an overnight at one of the museum hotels, be it in Sinsheim or be it in Speyer. We wish you a pleasant virtual tour

Google Earth aerial view of the Speyer Museum site
Aviation Hall N 1
Wright Flyer Replica Pilatus P3-03  (A-808)
Potez CM170R Fouga Magister (n 387) Fokker Dr.1  (207/17)
Mitsubishi A6M5 Reisen (Zero) Messerschmitt Bf-110 wings
Junkers (Casa) Ju52/3m  (RJ+NP) Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-15UTI (18 black)
Schleicher KA4 Rhonlerche  (D-8594) Sud Aviation Alouette 2  (75+35)
PZL Aero L-29 Delphin  (OK-02) RAAB Krahe II  (D-KONY)
Scheibe L-Spatz 55  (D-1980) TE-F3C Temple wing  (D-MYAP)
PZL-106 Kruk  (SP-ZBH) Schleicher Ka 6CR Rhonsegler (D-9168)
Messerschmitt Bf109G-4  (19310/3)
Fokker Dr.1  (152/17) Stampe Vertongen SV4C  (n1010)
Dornier Alpha Jet 1A (Strange Red Arows colours) Dassault Mirage 3E  (n432 / 13-QJ)
Canadair CL-13B Sabre 6  (23042) de Havilland Vampire FB.6  (J-1081)
Beech E50 Twin Bonanza (D-ITMS) Zlin Z-37A Cmelak  (D-ESUU)
Potez-Heinkel CM.191  (D-9532)
Jurca MJ5G1 Sirocco  (D-EJHD) Viking Dragonfly  (D-EAAQ)
World War I bomb
Aviation Hall N 2
Junkers Ju-52-3M  (D-AQUI) Pfalz D III  (1362/17)
Saab J 35 "Draken"  (04) Dassault Mirage 3RD  (n355)
Mil Mi-2 (45 black) Piper PA-42 Cheyenne IIIA Lufthansa flight simulator
Pratt & Whitney JT9D-3A General Electric J-79 Starfighter engine
KM-1 Ejection seat Mig 15   -   GSh-4MS helmet   -   KKO-5 pressure suit and ZSh-3M helmet
Aviation Outdoor

Transall C-160D  (50+99)
Republic F-84F Thunderstreak
Aero L-39ZO Albatros VFW Fokker VFW614  (OY-TOR)
Nord N2501 Noratlas (n 154) Douglas C-53D-DO  (DC-3A)  (F-BFGX)
Dassault Mercure 100  (F-BTTB) Antonov An-26S  (52+04)
Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-23BN  (22+02) Fiat G91R3 Gina  (3147/1)
Lockheed F-104G Starfighter  (20+81) Showing the struture of the Starfighter
Yakovlev Yak-27R  (c/n 0214) 35 Red Mikoyan Gurevich MiG-23BN  (98+25)
Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star  (56-3659) EKW C-3605  (D-FOXY)
Antonov An-2TP  (RA-41343) Technoavia SP-91  (RA-1860G)
Canadair CL-215  (F-ZBAR)
Boeing 747-230BM (D-ABYM)
B747-230BM cockpit Showing the structure and pressurisation bulk
Vickers Viscount 814  (D-ANAF)
Lockheed TF-104G Starfighter  (28+27) Sukhoi Su-22M-4  (25+14)
Mc Donnell F-101B Voodoo  (58-0265) Mc Donnell - Douglas F-15A Eagle  (74-0109)
Mc Donnell F-4C Phantom II  (63-7446) Mc Donnell F-4C Phantom II (63-7423)
Antonov AN-22   (UR-64460)
Kouznetsov NK-12MA

AN-22 cockpit (sadly protected by a plexi)

The navigator post in the nose section
The gigantic cargo bay Two cranes at the roof to load the containers
Mil Mi-8T  (CCCP-06181) Mil-Mi-14 PL  (637)
Mil Mi-24P  (98+34) Aero Commander 680F (D-ILUX)
Hawker Hunter F.6  (XE656) Lockheed F-104G Starfighter  (26+63) "Vikings"
Hindustan (HAL) MiG-21SPS  (C993) Fairey Gannet AS.4  (UA-112)
Dornier Do-24T3  (2653)
Helmet special

01 : ShL-78 / ShL-82 (Russia) 1982 - 1986
02 : ShLO-78O / Shl-82 (Russia) 1982 - 1986
03: ShZ-78 / ShZ-82 (Russia) 1986
04: ZSh-7AS (Russia) 1986
05: ZSh-5AN (Russia) 1970 -Today
06: ZSh-5 (Russia) 1970 -Today
07: ZSh-5A (Russia) 1970 -Today
08: ShZ-78/82 (Russia) 1982 - 1986
09: ZSh-3M (Russia) 1960 - Today
10: Zsh-3 (Russia) 1960
11: MB-3 (USA) 1950's
12: GSh-4MS (Russia) 1961 - 1967
13: GSh-6 (Russia) 1967 - 1968
14: GSh-6A (Russia) 1968 - 1980
15: THL-5CN (Poland) No date
16: THL-5W (Poland) No date
17: Drger ABC (Germany) 1987
18: Helmets Inc Alpha 100 (UK) No date
19: MK-3C (UK) No date
20: HGU 2A/P nuclear (USA) 1977 - 1980
21: Helmet Ltd Mk1A / G type (UK) 1950 -1980
22: Mk-4L (United Kingdom) No date
23: Socapex (Gentex) Type 403 M3 (France) 1950
24: Gueneau Type 316 (France) 1970 - 1990
25: Gueneau Type 316 (France) 1970 - 1990
26: Gentex HGU27/P prototype (USA) 1979
27: TK-2 (Japan) No date
28: Gentex SPH-3 (USA) 1970 - 1982
29: Gentex SPH-4 NVG (USA) 1970 - Today
30: Gentex HGU-55/P (USA) 1983 - Today
31: Gentex HGU-68/P (USA) 1999 - Today
32: Gentex HGU-84/P (USA) 1999 - Today
33: Gentex HGU-26/P jet (USA) 1970 - Today
34: Gentex HGU-47/P (USA) 1970 - Today
35: LandMfglnc / Gentex AFH-1 (Ge) 1960 - 1970
36: Gentex DH-41-1 (USA) No date
37: HGU 2A/P (USA) 1960 - Today
38: Gentex P-4B (USA) 1959 - 1964
39: Gentex P-1 (USA) 1964
40: Gentex SPH 4G (USA) 1966 - Today
41: CalMil D6 (USA) No date
42: HGU 2A/P jet (USA) 1960 - Today
43: Gentex SPH-4B (USA) 1996
44: C.C.C P-4B (USA) 1959 - 1964
45: Gentex PRK-37/PNASA (astronaut Schlegel) 1995
Space History
Soviet Space Shuttle Buran  CCCP-3501002

The construction of the Buran-class space shuttle orbiters began in 1980, and by 1984 the first full-scale orbiter was rolled out. 
Construction of a second orbiter (OK-1K2, informally known as "Ptichka") started in 1988. The Buran program was officially cancelled in 1993.
OK-GLI (Buran Analog BST-02) was a test vehicle ("Buran aerodynamic analogue") in the Buran programme. 
It was constructed in 1984, and was used for 25 test flights between 1985 and 1988 before being retired. It is now an exhibition at the Technikmuseum Speyer in Germany.
The development of the Buran began in the late 1970s as a response to the U.S. Space Shuttle program. The construction of the orbiters began in 1980, and by 1984 the first full-scale Buran was rolled out. The first suborbital test flight of a scale-model took place as early as July 1983. As the project progressed, five additional scale-model flights were performed.
The OK-GLI (Buran Analog BST-02) test vehicle ("Buran aerodynamic analogue") was constructed in 1984. It was fitted with four AL-31 jet engines mounted at the rear (the fuel tank for the engines occupied a quarter of the cargo bay). This Buran could take off under its own power for flight tests, in contrast to the American Enterprise test vehicle, which was entirely unpowered and relied on an air launch.
The jets were used to take off from a normal landing strip, and once it reached a designated point, the engines were cut and OK-GLI glided back to land. This provided invaluable information about the handling characteristics of the Buran design, and significantly differed from the carrier plane/air drop method used by the US and the Enterprise test craft.

Buran Orbital flight

The only orbital launch of a Buran-class orbiter occurred at 3:00 UTC on 15 November 1988 from Baikonur Cosmodrome launch pad 110/37. OK-1K1 was lifted into space, on an unmanned mission, by the specially designed Energia rocket. The automated launch sequence performed as specified, and the Energia rocket lifted the vehicle into a temporary orbit before the orbiter separated as programmed. After boosting itself to a higher orbit and completing two revolutions around the Earth, ODU (engine control system) engines fired automatically to begin the descent into the atmosphere.
Exactly 206 minutes into the mission, Orbiter OK-1K1 landed, having lost only eight of its 38,000 thermal tiles over the course of the flight. The automated landing took place on a runway at Baikonur Cosmodrome where, despite a lateral wind speed of 61.2 kilometres per hour (38.0 mph), it landed only 3 metres (9.8 ft) laterally and 10 metres (33 ft) longitudinally from the target mark. Specifically, as Buran approached Baikonur Cosmodrome and started landing, spacecraft sensors detected the strong crosswind and "the robotic system sent the huge machine for another rectangular traffic pattern approach, successfully landing the spacecraft on a second try."[6] It was the first space shuttle to perform an unmanned flight, including landing in fully automatic mode.

Detail on the power units
The tiles
Nose close up Wires technology
Cargo bay Cargo doors structures
Windshields View of the cockpit
Vostok 1 spacecraft
Original Soyouz TM-19 capsule TM-19 capsule connectors

1:1 Lunar Module "Eagle"

Space suit from Eugene A. 'Gene" Cernan Appolo 17
Spacesuit and helmet close up Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) Appolo 15 to 17
Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin space suit (Apollo 11)  -  3.4 billion years Lunar rock (Appolo 15) - Neil Armstrong space suit (Apollo 11)
The BOR-5 (Bespilotnyi Orbital'nyi Raketoplan) 
is a 1:8 sized test flight vehicle, used to study the main aerodynamic, 
thermal, acoustic and stability characteristics of the Buran.
ERNO Winged Space Vehicle Concept (spacemike)
German shuttle test Orbiter
Inside Spacelab training simulator 
International Space Station (ISS) Rocket booster
Miniature one man submarine "Marder"  U-Boat type 127 "Seehund"
Pocket submarine type VIIC U-boat UB 407 "Biber"
The U9 (S188) class 205 submarine
Torpedo room Navigation
Sonar Evacuation sas
Command post Operations room
Control instruments Manifold
Engines room

The Type 205 was a class of German diesel-electric submarines. They were single-hull vessels optimized for the use in the shallow Baltic Sea. The Type 205 is a direct evolution of the Type 201 class with lengthened hull, new machinery and sensors.
The Type 205 is a direct evolution of the Type 201 class with lengthened hull, new machinery and sensors. 
The biggest difference though is that ST-52 steel is used for the pressure hull since the Type 201's non-magnetic steel proved to be problematic.
The U-9 was comissioned on April 11th, 1967 and decomissioned on June 03rd, 1993.


Displacement: 450 long tons (457 tons) surfaced 500 long tons (508 tons) submerged
Length: 43.9 m (144 ft)
Beam: 4.6 m (15 ft 1 in)
Draft: 4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)
2 600 hp (450 kW) Mercedes-Benz 4-stroke V12 diesel engines each coupled to a BBC generator
1 1,000 kW (1,300 hp) SSW electric motor
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h) surfaced  17 knots (31 km/h) submerged
Range: 4,200 nmi (7,800 km) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h) surfaced  228 nmi (422 km) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 100 m (330 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 18 enlisted
Armament: 8 533 mm (21 inch) torpedo tubes Torpedoes and naval mines


The torpedo doors - The U4 (S183) class 205 - German Class 205 submarine plan
Other jewels of Speyer
GMC DUKW 353 M32 Tank Recovery Vehicle 
Rolls Royce 20/25  1935 Mercedes 500K Erdmann & Rossi 1935
Bentley 4,5 Litre van den plas 1927 Sunbeam 3 Liter Twin Cam 1927
Jaguar type D 1954 Heinkel Cabinroller "Trojan" 1956
M.A.N race trucks Seagraves pumper 1929 and Ahrens-Fox HT 1948 in th back
M.A.N fire trucks from the 1960's US Fire truck La France 1949
NSU Delphin III World speed record held by Wilhelm Herz at Bonneville Salt Flats Utah, USA) in 1956 with more than 300 Km/h
"Qian Jin" Chinese locomotive in use between 1964 and 1988 Hohenzollern fireless steam locomotive 1916
US military fuel tank wagon Meiningen fireless steam locomotive
Rescue cruiser John T. Essberger Rescue speedboat "Elisa" could be launched
Giant organ built in 1922 by Mortier (Antwerpen, Belgium) 12.5 meters for 2.8 tons
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