Text & Pictures: Jean-Marc Kesch ©SBAP 2014


This country has a long tradition in aviation with Alberto Santos Dumont being one of the first to fly an aircraft of his conception after a successful career as a balloonist.
With such a big country, it is also logical; aviation plays and played a great role in the development of this country. As soon as in 1943, there were already projects to setup an Air Museum. However lack of places, budgets and more urgent priorities delayed the founding.
In 1974, the constructions of hangars as well as the restoration of engines and aircraft started.
The museum was inaugurated in October 1976 at the installations of the old Escola de Aeronáutica (former Brazilian Air Force officer graduation school, replaced by the Academia da Força Aérea), at Campo dos Afonsos Air Force Base—the "Cradle of Military Aviation", in the City of Rio de Janeiro, (Estado do Rio de Janeiro), Brazil.
The Museum is part of the University of the Air Force's campus (UNIFA), being administratively subordinate to the Historic-Cultural Institute of Aeronautics (INCA) since 1986.
With the current growth of Brazilian aircraft industry (Embraer) the collections of the museum are more and more important.
The collection includes more than 80 aircraft from replicas of Santos Dumont 14bis and Demoiselles to the Mirage 2000. There are 12 exhibitions relating to the history of aviation in Brazil. In the year 1930's Brazil employed mostly US and German manufactured aircraft. Such rare machine as Focke Wulf FW 58B-2 is on display as well as Waco's. Brazil participated in the Second World War and received large numbers of US airplanes at this occasion. Some rare birds here as the Curtiss P-40 or the Douglas A-20 Havoc are on display. The jets are well represented with the full range of fighters used by the Brazilian Air Force from the Meteor T 8 to the F-5 Tiger II. Local produced aircraft are also on display and the Museum receives strong support of Embraer. The restoration hangar is also open to the public and this wonderful place is also used for regular airshows.

Santos Dumont 14 bis Santos Dumont 14bis Replica built by Embraer of the first aircraft
designed and flow by Santos Dumont.
For the Brazilians Santos Dumont was the first man to succeed to perform powered flight as the Wright brothers needed a catapult to take off.  
Santos Dumont Demoiselle

A replica of the second Santos Dumont aircraft. Very successful at his time and copied worldwide, the Demoiselle was also inspiring for our current ULM's.

Nieuport 21 replica: In 1918, when the Brazilian air force was created, the main supplier was France represented by this Nieuport. Each replica is identified as being a replica and not an original aircraft, an approach respectful to the public.

Waco CSO:
 one of the Waco used in the 1930's as Jake of all trade in Brazil
Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing

Curtiss Fledigling J-2

Muniz M7 Representative of the local design before WW2, this Muniz M7 was used for initial training as our SV-4.
IPT-O Bichinho Another nice local production
CAP-4 Paulistinha

De Havilland DH.82A Tiger Moth

Curtiss P-40N: After declaration of war on Germany and Italy on August 22, 1942, the Brazilian Air Force received Curtiss P-40N and later P-47 to operate alongside the USAAF in Italy Republic P-47D Thunderboldt
Douglas A-20 Havoc Another rarity for us
Focke Wulf FW 58B-2 During the 1930's, Brazil tried to reduce the influence of the USA and bought also aircraft in Germany. The rare Focke Wulf FW 58B-2 was a witness of this policy
Gloster Meteor T VII:
A not usual
jet in the Museums on this side of the Atlantic
Gloster Meteor F.8

Lockheed F-80 Shooting Star

Northrop F-5B Freedom Fighter

Aeritalia/Aermacchi/Embraer AMX (YA-1)

Lockheed F-104S / ASA former Italian Air Force

Dassault Mirage III-EBR (F-103E) & Aermacchi MB-326 KC

IPD/PAR-6504 “Bandeirante”

Consolidated Vultee 28 (PBY-5A/C-10A) “Catalina”

Grumman G-64 (SA-16A) “Albatross”
Douglas DC-3 (C-47B) “Skytrain” Vickers Viscount 789D (VC-90) and Fouga Magister nose
Embraer CBA-123 “Vector”

Hawker Siddeley HS-125 (VU-93) & Lockheed L188A “Electra II”

Fairey IIIF:
Less known that Lindbergh, the first transatlantic flight from Portugal to Brazil was performed by a Fairey IIIF now preserved in Lisboa (Portugal). The aircraft was delivered, assembled and prepared for the flight by E.O. Tips. A scale model of the Fairey IIIF is on display at the Museu Aerospacial.

One of the real interesting exhibitions





Av. Marechal Fontenelle, 2000
Campo dos Afonsos
Rio de Janeiro
RJ - Cep: 21740-000

Tel.: (21) 2108-8954 - (21) 2108-8955


One of the friendly guardian of the Museum,
little bit disturbed by the high temperatures
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