|Text & Pictures: Timothy Story & Lidwine Do Huu © sbap 2015|
|Aerial view of the site (Google earth)|
Bach Mai Airfield
during the attack of December 21st, 1972
Vietnam People's Air Force Museum, Hanoi or Bao Tŕng Phňng Không - Không
Quân is located on Truong Chinh Street in the Bach Mai District of Hanoi.
The museum is on the endpoint of the disused Bach Mai Airfield. Bach Mai
Airfield was used as the air defense command and control center for the
Vietnamese People's Air Force during the Second Indochina War. Due to its
location in the restricted area of a radius of 30 nautical miles (reduced to
10 in 1967) from the center of Hanoi and its proximity to the Bach Mai
Hospital only 1 kilometer away, Bach Mai Airfield was off limits to US
bombers during the early years of Operation (Rolling Thunder) with the
result that North Vietnamese command and control was generally unmolested.
Presidential approval was required for an attack on the airfield and this
was done for the first time by F-105 Thunderchiefs of the 388th Fighter Wing
on November 17, 1967. Bombing restrictions were lifted during Operation
Linebacker I and the airfield was attacked on May 16, 1972. On December 21,
1972 during Operation Linebacker II, two B-52D's were lost to SA-2 missiles
while attacking the airfield. On December 22, 1972 a string of bombs missed
Bach Mai Airfield and instead hit Bach Mai Hospital.
Air War in great lines
|Air Defence Museum Hanoi Aircraft|
Nguyen Van Bay's MiG-17F
number 2047 which was used
to bomb USS Oklahoma City April 19, 1972
|Canopy details of 2047||OFAB 100-120 bomb|
|Mig 17F 2011 from 923 regiment|
MiG-21MF with 8 victory
stars painted on its nose.
One of the victories was a B-52D model, shot down
on December 27th, 1972 by Pham Tuan.
|AA-1 Alkali radar guided missile inboard and a AA-2 Atoll IR-homing missile||Center line tank of the Mig-21MF with local resident|
|MiG-21 PF "Fishbed-D" 4326 of Nguyen Van Coc 921 regiment||AA2 “Atoll” (K13)|
|Soviet markings all over the plane||SPRD-99 JATO|
An-2. This aircraft was used in the attack on a
secret US radar site at Phou Pha Thi, battle of Lima Site 85
|Mig-19SF Farmer (Shenyang J-6)|
Training plane HL-1
The Ministry of Defense and the High Command of Air Force
assigned the Institute for Aviation Military Technology
to manufacture the coaching plane HL-1 in January 1981.
HL-1 was designed based on three models Pilatus P3 of Switzerland,
Zlin 526 of former Czechoslovakia and Yak 18 of the former USSR.
Training plane HL-2
Was the second prototype.
Minister of Defence suggested to manufacture hydroplanes
because Vietnam has a long coast and many rivers.
This is a light hydroplane made by Factory A41 of
the Technical Department of Air Defense and Air Force,
based on Russian Che-22 Korvet.
|Interior of the VNS-41|
|Mil Mi-4, this was Ho Chi Minh's personal helicopter|
with 12 victory stars painted on its nose.
one of the victories was US Air Force F-4E 67-0296, shot down
on July 5th, 1972 by Nguyen Tian Sâm
|Center line drop tank|
|North Vietnam roundel||Mig-21 PMF exhaust|
|Cessna A-37B "Dragonfly" South Vietnam Air Force (VNAF)||Northrop F-5E "Tiger II" South Vietnam Air Force (VNAF)|
|Bell UH-1 "Iroquois" H model South Vietnam Air Force (VNAF)|
|Mil Mi-24 Hind A|
|Mil Mi 24 cockpit||UB-32 57 mm rocket pods|
|Douglas A-1 Skyraider South Vietnam Air Force (VNAF)|
|Mil Mi-6 Hook-A|
|Aero L-29 Delfin||Cessna U-17A "Skywagon"|
|Zlin Z-226 Trener||
TL-1 “Tu luc”
The TL-1 is the first product studied, designed and successfully
manufactured in 1984-1985 by Vietnamese Air Force Institute.
TL-1 was tested successfully ten times totaling 102 minutes on the air.
This is a landmark of the development of the country’s aviation technology industry.
|Air Defence Museum Hanoi wrecks and war trophies'|
|Some US aircraft engines wreckage||McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II B|
|Air Defence Museum Hanoi Anti aircraft weaponry and radar systems|
|S-75 Dvina - SA-2 Guideline (NATO callsign) surface to air missile||Fan Song missile control radar|
|SA-2 guidance system with Fan Song radar|
S-125 Neva/Pechora SA-3 Goa (NATO callsign) surface to air missiles
|SA-2 Guideline||SA-2 Guideline fireboard (Bait)|
|AZP S-60 57 mm single-barrel anti-aircraft gun||M1939 (52-K) 85 mm anti-aircraft gun|
|KS-19 anti-aircraft gun|
Front: ZPU-2 14.5 mm
anti-aircraft twin guns
Back: AM SPAAG anti aircraft self propelled vehicle
|61-K anti-aircraft gun|
100 mm anti aircraft gun
from 240 regiment
The gun shooted the 1st and 100th US aircarft over Hai Phong.
This was respectively on July 1st, 1965 and May 26th, 1967.
|P-15 radar (NATO reporting name "Flat Face A") mounted on a Zil truck|
|Air Defence Museum Hanoi inside exhibitions|
|Nguyen Manh Hai & Pham Tuan flying suits|
|VPAF pilots souvenirs||Tran Van Thi and Phuang Minh Hoa helmets|
|SA-2 Guideline control systems|
|US aircraft wreckage|
Left: Nguyen Nhat Chieu
pressurised flying suit.
Middle: Self protection anti shards made by rope
Right: US pilot scarf with explanaitions in different language in case of ejection
|12.7mm Anti Aircraft Gun|
|K-5M (AA-1 "Alkali") air-to-air missile|
B-52 seat from an
aircraft shooted down
on December 22nd, 1972
|Link trainer||Inside the link trainer|
|Aero 45 engine|
|Vietnam in space...Interkosmos 1980|
was a Soviet space program, designed to help the Soviet Union's allies with
manned and unmanned space missions.
|Tuân Pham (VPAF Archives)|
|Soyuz 37 (most probably Soyuz 36) module|
|Vietnam People Air Force and Navy today...|
The next major round of modernization started in 1995 with the delivery of five Su-27SKs and one Su-27UBK to 935 Fighter Regiment at Phan Rang. Two additional Su-27SKs and four Su-27UBKs were delivered from December 1997, but two Su-27UBKs were lost on delivery when their An-124 crashed at Irkutsk on 6 December 1997. They were replaced by two Su-27PUs in the summer of 1998. Four Su-30MK2Vs were delivered in November 2004, with some 24 delivered by late 2012. In 2011, all Su-27s were transferred to 940 Fighter Training Regiment at Phu Cat. This left only Su-30MK2Vs on 935 Fighter Regiment’s roster, and the unit seems to have moved to Bien Hoa by 2009. From June 2011, 923 Fighter Bomber Regiment at Tho Xuan is replacing its obsolete Su-22s with Su-30MK2Vs, with a dozen delivered so far. Vietnam also received ten new Yak-52 trainers from the Aerostar factory in Bacau, Rumania, between late 2009 and 2011. They are used by 920 Training Regiment at Nha Trang. 910 Training Regiment moved from Nha Trang to Dong Tac (Tuy Hoa) in late 2003. It still operates the L-39C and received fourteen additional aircraft from the Ukraine and Czech Republic between 2002 and 2008. In the near future, further Su-30 deliveries are expected to replace the remaining Su-22s and a portion of the MiG-21bis fleet. Latest rumour is that, after years of storage with the 558th Aircraft Repair Plant in Baranovichi (Belarus), 18 former IAF Su-30Ks rejected due to engine problems suffered in 2003 will be upgraded to Su-30KN standards and acquired by the VPAF. Eight Yak-130UBS trainers are expected to replace the L-39 in the 2015-2025 timeframe, although no order has been signed yet.
|Wall of Fame|
Above: VPAF pilots
talking about the air combat.
Bellow left: Nguyen văn coc (third from the left). Bellow right: nguyen văn bay (center of picture)
VPAF Vietnam War Aces
Nguyen Van Coc (9)
Mai Van Cuong (8)
Pham Than Ngan (8)
Nguyen Hong Ni (8)
Nguyen Van Bay (7)
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