Text: Philippe Decock - Pictures: Philippe Decock, Hellenic Air Force & Hellenic Aerospace Industry
Archives: Coll Serge Van Heertum, Coll Denis Eusicom
Copyright sbap 2017İ
 
 
114 Air Combat Wing
 
Emblem: Tactical Air Support Emblem: 114 Air Combat Wing
 

Emblem :
"Always be on your guard"
(Homer)
Polydamas, friend of Hector, a very eloquent person, incites his fellow-warriors of Troy to go within the walls of the city in order to avoid the wrath of Achilles, owing to his friend Patroclus' death. Hector, the bravest of the brave of Trojans does not agree with Polydamas and insists that all warriors should resist outside the walls of the city and should be vigilant. Nay, come; even as I shall bid, let us all obey: for this present take your supper throughout the host by companies, and take heed to keep watch; and be wakeful every man.
(Iliad, S 297-9; Loeb, by A.T. Murray).

Location :
TANAGRA air base

Mission :
The mission of the 114 CW is to maintain a high level of readiness and effectiveness. It is achieved by the appropriate organization, training of personnel and maintenance of the available means and systems. Furthermore, the undertaking and carrying out of air operations, at any given time, in total success.

History :
1956 : The 114 CW was formed on August 22, 1956, at TANAGRA Airport. The 341, 342 and 343 Interceptor Squadrons were integrated with F-86E Sabre aircraft.
1958 : On May 24, 1958, the 343 Sqn was transferred to 111 CW at Anchialos.
1959-1960 : From November 13, 1959 till May 13, 1960, the 361 Sqn is deployed at Tanagra with T-33A Silver Stars. On January 14, 1960, the 341 Sqn was transferred from 114 CW to the 111 CW at Anchialos. On May 18, 1960, the 335 Sqn moved from Larissa to Tanagra with F-84F Thunderstreak aircraft.
1962 : In June 1962, the 342 Sqn was transferred to 111 CW at Anchialos.
1964 : In April 1964, the acceptance of the F-104G and TF-104G Starfighter aircraft took place at the 335 Sqn.
1965 : In January 1965, the 336 Fighter Bomber Squadron was integrated into 114 CW, which is equipped with the F-104G and TF-104G aircraft.
1966 : In April 1966, the F-104G Flight Simulator becomes operational. On December 16, 1966, the 336 Fighter Bomber Sqn was transferred to the 116 CW at Araxos.
1967 : On February 16, 1967, the 342 Sqn returns to the 114 CW and is renamed 342 All Weather Sqn after the arrival of the new F-102A and TF-102A Delta Dagger aircraft.
1975 : On August 4, 1975, the first Mirage F-1CG landed in Tanagra Airbase and formed the 342 All Weather Sqn.
1976 : In September, 1976, the 366 Training Flight is formed with T-33A Silver Stars.
1977 : In the beginning of 1977 the F-102A were retired. In May, 1977 the 334 AW Sqn is set up and equipped with the Mirage F-1CG aircraft. On June 30, 1977 the 335 Sqn relocated to 116 CW at Araxos.
1988 : On April 18, 1988, the 331 AW Sqn was formed and equipped with the first Mirage 2000EGs.
1989 : On August 11, 1989, the 332 AW Sqn was formed with the Mirage 2000EG and Mirage 2000BG aircraft.
2003 : On June 30, 2003 the Mirage F-1CG were retired after 28 years of continuous operation, and the function of 342 AW Sqn was suspended.

Organisation :
The 114 Combat Wing is organized according to the typical organization of Wings that belong to the Tactical Air Force. It has the following Squadrons : 331 All Weather Squadron - 332 All Weather Squadron

 
(Philippe Decockİ)
Canadair CL-13 Sabre  (Hellenic Air Force archivesİ) Lockheed CT-33A Siver Star (Hellenic Air Force archivesİ)
Republic F-84F Thunderstreak  (Coll Denis Eusicomİ) Lockheed F-104G Starfighter  (Coll Denis Eusicomİ)
Convair F-102A Delta Dagger  (Hellenic Air Force archivesİ) Dassault Mirage F-1CG   (Hellenic Air Forceİ)
 
HAF Mirage 2000
(Philippe Decockİ)
The Mirage 2000 :
In July 1985, Greece signed a contract for 40 Mirage 2000s comprising 36 single-seat aircraft and 4 two-seat trainers. The $1.38 billion Mirage contract also consisted of weapons and equipment, as well as industrial offsets that permitted HAI to produce the M53-P2 engines. The first aircraft were delivered in June 1988 and the last, by the end of 1989. They featured an "ICMS mk1" defensive countermeasures suite (DCS), an updated version of the standard Mirage 2000C DCS, characterized by two small antennas near the top of the tailfin. Initially, the Mirage 2000EG/BG were armed with R.550 Matra Magic-2 missiles. During the "Talos" modernisation project of the 1990s, carried out by Hellenic Aerospace Industry and supervised by Dassault and Thompson-CSF, the aircraft received a vastly improved RDM-3 radar set; the ICMS 1 DCS; the ability to carry the Super-530D medium-range missile and the AM39 Exocet Block II anti-ship missile. After "Talos", the aircraft were renamed Mirage 2000EGM/BGM.
In August 2000, Greece placed a $1.1 billion order for a batch of 15 new Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2 fighters, and had 10 existing Mirage 2000EGMs upgraded to Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2 standard. The upgrade meant the addition of the RDY-2 radar and ICMS-3 DCS, and the ability to deploy SCALP cruise missiles and both versions of the MICA instead, an order for which was placed. All Greek machines (Mk.2s and EGMs) feature the TOTEM-3000 INS of the Mk.2 instead of the Uliss-52 and have hose-and-drogue aerial refueling capability. The only visual difference between the Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2 and the existing Mirage 2000EGM/BGMs is the pitot tube which has been removed from the nose cone on the -5 version.
 
Mirage 2000-5BG in the 331 Sqn maintenance hangar  (Philippe Decockİ)  Mirage 2000-5EG in the 331 Sqn maintenance hangar  (Philippe Decockİ)
Snecma M53 engine  (Philippe Decockİ) (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM in the 332 Sqn maintenance hangar  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM and BGM in the 332 Sqn maintenance hangar
(Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ)
 Mirage 2000-5EG in standard QRA configuration with a 1300 liters belly tank, 2 Mica RF and 2 Mica ER   (Philippe Decockİ)
(Philippe Decockİ) (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5 cockpit  (Philippe Decockİ) M53 exhaust  (Philippe Decockİ)
MBDA Mica IR  (Philippe Decockİ) MBDA Mica IR  (Philippe Decockİ)
MBDA Mica RF  (Philippe Decockİ) MBDA Mica RF  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM in the 332 Sqn maintenance hangar  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
 
331 All Weather Squadron
 

Emblem: Theseus, is showing the target to a pair of combat aircraft.
Call Sign: THESEUS
331 Squadron was founded on the 18th of April 1988 aiming at the acceptance of the new Mirage 2000 EG/BG aircrafts for the HAF. Emblem of the Squadron is the Ancient Greek hero Thisseas.
The first aircrafts landed in Tanagra on the 27th of April 1988 and immediately begun the training of the first pilots from French instructors. In short time the Squadron was manned by experienced pilots selected from various Squadrons of HAF and became operational in role of all weather restraining.
Besides the "Magic-II" missile that Mirage 2000's already carried, the 331 Squadron in 1996 upgraded its arsenal with the "S-530D" missile, and in combination with the newly completed system of self-protection "ICMS", the Mirage 2000EG/BG becomes the most completed deterrent force that acts in the Aegean Sea. In 1999, Squadron acquires a "specific weapon" the AM-39 EXOCET missile, and its role is enriched with Air to Sea missions. In the 1rst of March 2007, 331 Squadron suspends its operation in order to receive the new Mirage 2000-5 Mk-III aircrafts.
Since the introduction of the -5 version, 331 squadron is mainly tasked with air defence using Mica RF and Mica IR missile and a secondary long range strike mission using the SCALP missile.

 
Mirage 2000-5BG taking off  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG starting taxi  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG lining up on the runway  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG taking off in full afterburner  (Philippe Decockİ)
M53 heat haze  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG in flight with a centerline tank and 2 wing tanks
(Hellenic Air Forceİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG performing a low approach  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG lining up  (Philippe Decockİ)
Close up on the nose section of a Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG on final  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG on the runway  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG taking off in full afterburner  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5EG taxiing out  (Philippe Decockİ)
Close up on the nose section of a Mirage 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ) A pair of Mirage 2000-5EG on the runway  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5EG taking off in full afterburner  (Philippe Decockİ) (Philippe Decockİ)
 Mirage 2000-5EG overflying Athens with a centerline tank and 2 wing tanks  (Hellenic Air Forceİ) Mirage 2000-5EG  (Hellenic Air Forceİ)
 Mirage 2000-5EG  (Hellenic Air Forceİ) Mirage 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000-5BG  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000-5BG and 2000-5EG  (Philippe Decockİ)
A trio of Mirage 2000-5BG and 2000-5EG on the runway, ready for departure  (Philippe Decockİ)
 
332 All Weather Squadron
 

Emblem: A hawk with the map of Greece in the background.
Call Sign : HAWK
The 332 Squadron was formed on August 11, 1989, in 114 CW.
On November 1st, 1989, the first 14 Mirage 2000 were delivered to the 332 Sqn. The first Squadron pilots were experienced in Mirage F-1CG and F-4E Phantom II aircraft types.
In November 1990 the 332 Sqn was successfully evaluated from the Hellenic Tactical Air Force (HTAF). Since then the 332 Sqn entered into alertness and interception missions above the Aegean sea.
The flight training is handled by the Mirage 2000 Training Flight which continues to train the new pilots, who man the flights, till today.
After the acquisition of the new Mirage 2000-5 and the upgrading of the existing types, the force capacity is greatly increased.
When 331 squadron converted to the -5 version of the Mirage 2000, 332 squadron took over the anti-ship mission using the AM-39 EXOCET missile.

 
Mirage 2000EGM taking off in full afterburner  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM starting up in a shelter  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
A pair of Mirage 2000EGM performing the "leak check" procedure  
(Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Close up on the nose section of a Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Take off clearance  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM taking off in full afterburner  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM with a centerline tank and 2 wing tanks
(Hellenic Air Forceİ)
Mirage 2000EGM overflying Athens  (Hellenic Air Forceİ) Mirage 2000BGM  (Hellenic Air Forceİ)
Mirage 2000BGM  (Hellenic Air Forceİ) Mirage 2000EGM on final  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ) Mirage 2000EGM  (Philippe Decockİ)
 
Preserved Aircraft
 
Canadair CL-13 Sabre  (Philippe Decockİ)
Republic F-84F Thunderstreak  (Philippe Decockİ) Canadair CL-13 Sabre  (Philippe Decockİ)
Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star  (Philippe Decockİ) Lockheed TF-104G Starfighter   (Philippe Decockİ)
Convair F-102A Delta Dagger  (Philippe Decockİ) LTV A-7E Corsair II  (Philippe Decockİ)
Dassault Mirage F-1CG 342 Sqn special scheme  (Philippe Decockİ) Dassault Mirage F-1CG 334 Sqn special scheme  (Philippe Decockİ)
Dassault Mirage F-1CG  (Philippe Decockİ) McDonnell Douglas RF-4E 60 Years 348 MTA  (Philippe Decockİ)
Douglas C-47B Skytrain  (Philippe Decockİ) Lockheed C-130H  (Philippe Decockİ)
 
Wrecks and Relics
 
Convair F-102A Delta Dagger  (Philippe Decockİ)
Convair F-102A Delta Dagger  (Philippe Decockİ) Lockheed T-33A Shooting Star   (Philippe Decockİ)
Lockheed F-104G Starfighter  (Philippe Decockİ) Dassault Mirage 2000  (Philippe Decockİ)
Dassault Mirage F-1CG   (Philippe Decockİ)
 
Hellenic Aerospace Industry
 

Hellenic Aerospace Industry (HAI, Elliniki Aeroporiki Viomichania or ???) is the leading aerospace company of Greece.
HAI was founded by the Greek State in 1975 to undertake all aircraft-related construction activity, so that the historic KEA factory would concentrate on maintenance work. A huge factory was built in Tanagra, 65 km north of Athens.
In 1979 the development of the E1-79 Pegasus, an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), was begun in collaboration with KETA (Hellenic Air Force Research & Development Center) and its first flight was made in 1982. By 2003 it was already operational, being upgraded in 2005 to Pegasus II level.
Other similar projects by HAI include the TELAMON, a very advanced, jet-powered UAV, jointly developed with Northrop, based on the latter's Chuckar III UAV. It was introduced in 1986 but the project did not proceed, considered too expensive for the Hellenic Air Force requirements.
In 1990, HAI developed in collaboration with DASA of Germany, Alenia of Italy and Per Udsen of Denmark the "Advanced Amphibious Aircraft" (AAA) which, however, was not produced. Other developments that were not completed mostly for financial reasons at the time, include a trainer for the Hellenic Air Force of own design and many joint projects.

In 1996, HAI entered the "F-16 Fighting Falcon" co-production program with Lockheed Martin.
In 2000 HAI has joined the "Next Generation Fighter" program, an experimental Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV), undertaking the construction of the rear fuselage, the tail pipe, the integration bench, the Engine, the Air to Air Missiles and the Communications System of the aircraft. HAI also joined the "Eurotrainer" development and co-production program with Dassault Aviation, EADS, Saab AB, RUAG and Alenia.
In January 2006, HAI signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Aermacchi for the "M-346 Advanced Trainer" co-production project.
In March 2007, HAI joined EADS in the "Eurofighter" project, undertaking the construction of a composite fuselage part (Vary Cowl) for the Typhoon. On the 29th of that month, HAI signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Russian Aerospace Industry IRCUT, for the co-production of the Russian firefighting aircraft Beriev Be-200 if it is to be chosen by the Hellenic Air Force in the near future. In April 2007, HAI signed an agreement with the United States Air Force for the structural and electronic upgrade (CCIP) of all US F-16 fighters that harbor in Europe, in its facilities in Greece. This agreement concerns approximately 100 aircraft of the US Air Force. The program begun in November 2007 and the first upgraded US fighter was delivered to the US Air Force in March 2008.
Since 2005 HAI has been actively involved in the design and construction of part of the new Boeing Dreamliner 787 and specifically the CDS (Cargo Door Surround) of this new airliner. The aircraft is the first environmentally friendly aircraft to be exclusively constructed by composite material. HAI looks forward to be the exclusive supplier of the CDS worldwide and construction will begin in the mid 2008. HAI is also involved in the design and construction, using composite material, of the prototype part of the internal force structure of the wing of the new AIRBUS A380 (TANGO project).
In 2010, the Hellenic Aerospace Industry was considered one of several Greek state owned enterprises requiring restructuring, because it had a primary revenue deficit.

Its industrial capability is organized by production centers geared to deliver high technology services and products in a wide range of activities, that include:
- Military aircraft and engine maintenance, repair, overhaul, modifications, upgrades and logistics support.
- Development, design, manufacturing and after sales support of electronic, optronic and telecommunication products, satellite systems and applications, co-development and co-production of weapon systems.
- Aerostructures manufacturing and assembly.
- Repair and calibration of precision measuring devices and equipment
HAI's Quality System is certified by BVQI, ISO 9001:2000, ISO 9001:1994 and TickIT Guide and EN/AS 9100. The company applies Total Quality Management and Six Sigma methodology. In addition, HAI has been inspected, verified and accepted by nearly every major manufacturer in the sector of Aerospace Industries.
HAI has been approved and certified by the HCAA (Hellenic Civil Aviation Authority) as a repair center to provide services for Civil aircraft components and engines in compliance to JAR-145 requirements and by major engine manufacturers for the repair and overhaul of engines, such as T53 by Honeywell Aerospace, T56/501D by Rolls-Royce and ATAR K-50 by Snecma Engines.
Furthermore, it has been approved and certified as a maintenance center for the C-130 aircraft by Lockheed Aeronautics, King Air aircraft by Raytheon and P-3 aircraft by the Hellenic Navy.

 
Tanagra facilities (HAI mediaİ) Elements construction (HAI mediaİ)
Air Force overhaul (HAI mediaİ) Mirage 2000 upgrade (HAI mediaİ)
Engine maintenance (HAI mediaİ) Design and developpement (HAI mediaİ)
Military and civil maintenance (HAI mediaİ) Integrated in the UAV Neuron (HAI mediaİ)
 
On behalf of SBAP, I would like to thank the Embassy of Belgium in Athens, the Hellenic Air Force General Staff, Tanagra Air Base Commanding Officer, "Kostas" who was my guide of the day and all the people I met during my visit for helping us in the realization of this report.
 

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