Text: Bruno Ghils & Serge Van Heertum (Loos & Cap Tens) - Pictures: Bruno Ghils, Patrick Brouckaert & Cap Tens 2015
Translation: Marc Arys  © sbap 2015

Airshow of Lens - Benifontaine (by Bruno Ghils)

During the weekend of September 20, airshow lovers could elect to attend the show at Sanicole in Belgium, or to cross the Channel bound for Duxford celebrating the 75th anniversary of the Battle of Britain or to go to Lens in Northern France. Three airshows, three atmospheres and three different programs, making it hard to choose. The SBAP-team being an "action team", the workload was apportioned between the members and my destination became Lens as it was for over 70.000 people attending this sympathetic airfield. I am sure no one regretted the trip as the atmosphere at Northern France airshows; the conviviality, the encounters and the humane side are evermore present. And even if we did not have this, there still would be the essential part of a good show: the quality of the program and a perfect organization. Indeed, Régis Grébent, the "Boss" and his team of volunteers prepared a memorable program and even if prestigious guests such as the Breitling Wingwalkers and the 'Great War Display team' cancelled their participation at the last minute, it was really a great airshow. Saturday was reserved for the guests, sponsors and media (always nicely welcomed at Lens) to attend a 'Sunset Airshow' and on Sunday we had the complete program, public and for free! Talking about the program would get us too far but looking at the pictures will help you to grasp the quality of the show. I would like, although very personal, present you my "coups de Coeur"...

The first is for the Sunset Show in its entirety. Our French friends talk about a "Show Crépusculaire" (Dusk Show), which, with the magnificent weather and extraordinary framework, allowed us to see known aircraft and teams flying in unusual conditions. The Patrouille de France under a setting sun, not common but what a sight. The Swip-team with luminous and smoking aircrafts, although more common still spectacular to watch. The Rafale solo-display with full afterburner, very impressive. 
I'll pass briefly on the Belgian F-16 demo, for me a little set back to his usual routine and without the decorated aircraft, being left at Sanicole. During the evening, the guys of Beauvechain and the A109 team upheaved the Belgian colours and the colours of the Belgian Air Force. Thank you! 
To conclude this Sunset airshow, a Eurocopter EC135 of the Gendarmerie Nationale with strobe lights, sirens, searchlights and sounding engines in action; magnificent and impressive. I have to admit I prefer the Gendarmerie in such a manner than otherwise... Every show has to end and we could witness a reference to French history, moreover, to regional history. Indeed, just at about the site of the airshow, 100 years ago was fought the "Bataille de Loos" (the "Battle of Loos" - the main theme of the airshow). Tragical moments from World War I where numerous soldiers of the British Empire fought and died for our freedom. A bagpipe playing into the night followed by a firework display... all this to show our gratitude to these British and Scottish allies. 
A great acknowledgment to the organizers for letting us live these moments of emotion and remembrance at the bottom of the Northern heaps... 
Another "coup de Coeur" was the Sunday show. 
After a sneaky pass of the Belgian A109 bound for the Sanicole airshow and a last fly-by of "Tao" and his Rafale also en route to Belgium, the airshow started off. 
The Patrouille the France and a Navy Rafale on the "jet scene"; DC3, T-6 Harvard, Swiss Avenger, a Spitfire replica build and based at Lens on the "warbrid scene"... Various "propeller" teams were also present: the "Sierra Whisky" team, the "Cartouche Dorée" and the "Cap Tens". 
Indeed, the Mudry Cap 10, a delightful little French aircraft was a commercial success be it civilian or military. The Cap 10 was present in the static display, in a solo- and team display routine. 
Now my ultimate "coup de Coeur" of the week-end, I have to mention the "Cap Tens" of Marianne and Adam Shaw. A "twosome" in life and in the airshows of the hexagon, they gave away a superb demonstration... Mastery, poetry and esthetics... all we can dream off for an aerial team! The two Cap 10 in a clear blue sky, flying tight formations, smokes,... a prestigious civilian display team with their blue and white birds. Thank you, Marianne and Adam, for the show and friendly encounter! 
Last "coup de Coeur", the human side of Régis, Christophe, Hervé, Virginie and all the volunteers, the pilots, mechanics, the guests, the French fries booths of the North. A succesfull show indeed. And to conclude on the humane side, I have to touch on the "guys of Florennes", who were not present with any aircraft, not in the air, nor on the ground... but they were there ! The 1 Squadron with its well-known and convivial booth and the solo display team 2012-2014 for a typical Belgian atmosphere on site. Many thanks to them and to Cdt. Avi. Renaud "Grat" Thys for ensuring the Belgian presence and good public relations of our Air Force at Lens. Participating to an airshow is not only flying overhead an airfield or flying a display, it is meeting the crowd, sharing the passion and demonstrates that to have an aircraft flying you need motivated people. 
In conclusion, a special note for the commentators. Their aeronautical culture, accuracy, relevance, humour and sympathy made us live up a great moment in time.

The SBAP-team wishes to thank warm fully the whole team at Lens. See you soon for other adventures!

The Battle of Loos-en-Gohelle
Commemoration panel Aerial view of the battlefield and Lens airfield

The battle of Loos-en-Gohelle (September - October 2015) (by Serge Van Heertum)

Following a request of the French, the British Army extends its battelfront coverage from the North of Ypres to the South of Lens. In August 1915, the 3rd Army, newly constituated, took up residence from the Somme at Hébuterne to the southern Pas-de-Calais. Between May and September 1915 some 15 divisions arrive in France and Belgium. The only noticeable British engagement on the French battlefront took place on June 15 and 6, 1915, at Givenchy-lès-La Bassée, in conjunction with the upturn of the French offensive headed by Foch in Artois. This to prepare a more important operation, to the South, in the Loos region taking over the higher stations. The preparatory bombings, highly insufficient against an exceptional defended zone, condemned the infantry to the slaughter. As an example we had a company of 5 officers and 170 men of the 2nd Yorks of which only 40 escaped. The operation quickly turned into a complete fiasco for the British, the Scottish and the Canadian participants. Most of them were already sorely tried during the second battle at Ypres.
The battle of Loos, from September till October 1915, was the British part of the big allied attack in the Artois region, launched by Joffre together with the main French offensive in the Champagne region. The supreme French commander was convinced that his numerical superiority on which he could rely on at that time would be sufficient to give his Army the crucial breakthrough.
While the French directed their efforts onto the ridge of Vimy, the British tried to target the mining fields in the Loos-Hulluch region, located in the lowlands of Gohelle. General Haig, always swift to set off big scale assaults, without heeding the great number of casualties, this time concentrated six divisions, despite the negative backdrop : his men are exhausted by the losses from the springtime and the persistent lack of ammunition supplies. On the other hand, the narrow battlefront chosen for this assault allows him to rely on his important numerical superiority of 7 to 1. Due to the importance of the men involved, the battle of Loos constitutes one of the biggest British offensive efforts since the start of the conflict. For that matter it is called the "Big Push" by its initiators. But this unceasing bombing during four days, dumping some 250.000 shells onto the German defences, had globally no effect. Before the infantry assault of September 25th, 1915, the British released 140 tons of chlorine gas stocked in 5.000 containers placed along the frontline, in complement of an artillery fire deemed insufficient. 
irst use of gas by the Allies after the awful inaugural German hit at Ypres in April, this British attack at Loos aimed at destroying of the German main battlefront, where soldiers only could rely on

very primitive masks. Initially the Germans were panic-stricken and lost about 600 men due to the gas; 75.000 British infantrymen dashed out of the trenches. 
However by the whim of the winds, the gas returned back to some of the British trenches and although only 7 were killed, more than 2.600 were affected and put out of action. On the first day, the Southern part of the region saw a spectacular success : the assailants partially concealed by the smoke screens, took the village of Loos, of the "Colinne 70" (Hill 70) and moved forward to Lens.
But this progression was to be stopped by the lack of ammunition and the late arrival of the back-up troops. There by the Germans reclaimed the "Colinne 70". More to the North, the English progress was more limited as the assailants ran into the tremendous defences of the "Redoute Hohenzollern", a huge complex of trenches and underground shelters. But they managed to take over part of the reinforced frontline and in particular around the "Redoute Hohenzollern". The German machine-guns however were devastating: 8.500 British soldiers killed in one day, the highest number of losses since the start of the war. The next day, on September 26th, the German back-up troops arrived at the scene to infill the breaches. The British then launched an attack without preliminary bombing: it was a bloodbath, most of the men being mowed down by the machine-guns. The battle continued sporadically for several days before the English headquarters ordered the retreat. A new attempt on October 13, again with the use of gas, ended with the same disastrous results: within ten minutes the 46th Division lost 180 officers and 3.583 men to the "Redoute Hohenzollern" ! This time, the scale of the British losses are exceptionally high: 50.000 wounded, killed or missing (at least 20.000 killed). Among them, the only son of Rudyard Kipling, the great writer, precentor of the British engagement into this Great War. Disconsolate, Kipling travelled through the roads of Gohelle during the years after the war, trying to find the body of his son. In vain. Identified in 1991, the remains of John Kipling were laid down at the Saint-Mary's Advanced Dressing Station Cemetery, at Haisnes.
It is truly astounding to see that the serious errors committed by the British headquarters during the battle of Loos were not taken into account and were repeated during the first day of the battle of the Somme, which on July 01st, 1916, led to the greatest disaster in British military history.

British troops going to the frontline (British archives) Unknown artist view of the battle

Loos-en-Gohelle after the battle (Archives du Nord) Another view with the tranches (Archives du Nord)
Saturday Dusk Airshow
The "Patrouille de France" at dusk, simply wonderful  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) Belgian F-16AM solo display  (Bruno Ghils)
Sadly the grey spare aircraft  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) But beautifull flares effect  (Bruno Ghils)
Rafale solo display (Bruno Ghils) "Tao" at sunset  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Belgian Agusta solo display  (Bruno Ghils) Flares and PR spirit of this sympathic team (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Patrick Brouckaert)
"Swip Team" always magic!  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
The French Gendarmery EC-135 in full action  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Commemorations of the Loos battle at night  (Patrick Brouckaert)
Sunday Airshow
(Patrick Brouckaert) Luxury hangar for the "Cartouche Doré" Epsilon  (Patrick Brouckaert)
Piper J3 Cub  (Patrick Brouckaert) Canu Lucien CANU 3J  (Patrick Brouckaert)
Jurca MJ 100D Spitfire replica  (Patrick Brouckaert) De Havilland DH-82A Tiger Moth  (Patrick Brouckaert)
Mudry Cap 10B Marine  (Patrick Brouckaert) Mudry Cap 232  (Patrick Brouckaert)
SIAI-Marchetti SF-260 (Former Sabena aircraft OO-SMM)
(Patrick Brouckaert)
SIAI-Marchetti SF-260EU Warrior
(Patrick Brouckaert)
De Havilland DHC-1 Chipmunk Mk22  (Patrick Brouckaert) Marganski MDM-1 Fox  (Patrick Brouckaert)
Sud SE-3130 Alouette II 
(Patrick Brouckaert)
Douglas C-47A (DC-3) a Normandy veteran
(Patrick Brouckaert)
Silence Twister  (Patrick Brouckaert) The Swip team preparing the aircraft for the display  (Patrick Brouckaert)
(Patrick Brouckaert) (Patrick Brouckaert)
Marine Nationale "Paris" and "Rafale"  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) High performance Navy display  (Bruno Ghils)
Some passes of "Tao" and the two Rafale's before leaving Lens for the Sanicole airshow  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Stearman duo, smoke and elegance  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) Some local paraclub demo (Bruno Ghils)
Pilatus PC-6 Turboporter  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) The "Tireless" Dakota  (Bruno Ghils)
Let's hope your car is correctly parcked...  (Patrick Brouckaert) ...the Gendarmery is there!  (Bruno Ghils)
Mudry Cap 10B  (Bruno Ghils) The splendid colours of the "Lys Aeroclub"  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
The "Swift Aerobatic Display Team"  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Patrick Brouckaert) Nieuport 28 replica  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Piper duo  (Bruno Ghils) Tiger Moth RAF trainer  (Bruno Ghils)
"Swip Team" in action  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Robinson R-22 Beta  (Bruno Ghils) The "Tango Blue" team  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
The French Air Force ambassadors, the " Patrouille de France"  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) North American AT-6D Harvard solo display  (Bruno Ghils)

Unfolding the wings...amazing!  (Patrick Brouckaert)
The Grumman TBM-3R Avenger  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
The French Air Force parachute team in action  (Patrick Brouckaert) (Patrick Brouckaert)
(Patrick Brouckaert) One team, one spirit  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils)

The Cap Tens (by Serge Van Heertum)

This team was created by Adam Shaw in December 2006 aiming for: - modestly take over the FRENCH CONNECTION, made up of Montaine Mallet and Daniel Héligoin, for whom Adam worked as a flight instructor in Florida, and which disappeared in 2000 - honour the memory of Auguste MUDRY, creator of the Cap 10 - to prove, as said by Richard Bach that "You are never given a wish without also being given the power to make it come true"

This team represents a double challenge for Marianne and Adam :

Even being aerobatic flight instructors with each more than 3.000 flight hours on this particular type of aircraft, it technically still is extremely difficult to fly together. At 250 km/h you have, flying just some meters from each other, to execute all the figures in perfect harmony on the speed dial, the number of G's, the turn radius... As the aircraft are based at Annecy, without any aerobatic axis present, they have to leave the area, sometimes far away, to practice their routine in proper safety conditions.



Marianne MAIRE-SHAW:

French-born, she is an aerobatic flight instructor and flies gliders. She also holds her mountain and glacier pilot license. With some 5.300 flight hours, she was 7 times aerobatic "Championne de France" and gathered 17 medals throughout various European and world aerobatic championships. Marianne crossed the Channel "upside down" on Juli 25, 1985. Besides her jobs as a pilot and a mother, she is also a writer and published a book titled : "Jeudi 12 - Une vie à l'envers" edited in 1996 by the Editions du Choucas.

Adam SHAW:

USA-born, Adam has many strings to his bow as an aerobatic flight instructor, aircraft-, glider-, twin engine-, helicopter and seaplane pilot. Instrument flight rated he also holds his mountain and glacier pilot licence and totalizes some 5.700 flight hours. In June 2003 he crossed the Northern Atlantic flying a Grumman Albatross seaplane.

Adam has also an impressive curriculum vitae : - Assistant Chief Flight Instructor University Of North Dakota Center For Aerospace Sciences - Project Pilot Enhanced Flight Screener USAF SF260E Sabreliner Corp. - Manager International Programs Bede Jet - Cultural / Sports Director Financiera Sotogrande - Creative Writing/Journalism Instructor Colorado Mountain College, Vail, CO. - Foreign Correspondent United Press International (Paris, Abidjan, Burssels, Rome) Staff Reporter for The Washignton Post.

Adam is also the author and translator of the SOUND of IMPACT- "The Legacy of TWA Flight 514" (Viking Press, New York, NY 1977).



The aircraft Mudry Cap 10 (by Serge Van Heertum)

In 1966, Auguste Mudry (1917-2006) owner of the "Coopérative des Ateliers Aéronautique de la Région Parisienne" (CAARP), decided to design a successor to the Stampe & Vertongen SV-4. It was to be a two seat, side-by-side, aircraft elaborated from the CP100 Super Emeraude of Claude Piel. 
The n° 01 sees the daylight and the aircraft is named CAP - "Constructions Aéronautiques Parisiennes". The prototype F-WOPX had its maiden flight on August 22nd, 1968, flown by Gerard Tahon, before entering a trial and development period ending in September 1970. The French Armée de l'Air was quite interested in this already promising two seat trainer and ordered the prototypes n° 01 and 03. 
In 1970 the production serie from the n° 1 to n° 28 was bought. The production version, named CAP 10 B had received some modifications compared to the prototype n° 01 (rudder, lubrication, braking, fairings, ergonomic,...) and was certified under the Far 23 regulation.

The CP100 Super-Emeraude designed by Claude Piel
(Coll SBAP)

The CAP 10B is a wooden built airplane with plywood covered wings, powered by a Lycoming 4 cylinders flat of 5.900 cm³, a derivative of a production built engine found on touring aircraft such as the DR400 or PA28. It has an injection fuel system allowing inverted flight with a Christen lubrication system also adapted for inverted flight. So the only limit to this inverted flight is the pilot himself. From 2002 on the CAP 10B evolved to the CAP 10C with a wingspar doubled with carbon blades instead of wood (carbon sandwich wingspar). This new wing allows a higher roll rate (180 ° / sec - 120° previously) but moreover giving a greater and safer range of maneuverability and safety during aerobatics. 
The "C" wing is mounted directly onto the new production aircraft and sold as a repair/improvement for the production aircraft built with the wooden wing. On the outside the "C" wing is recognizable by its large dynamic balancing "shovels" on the ailerons instead of the static balance weights on the 'B' type wing. The ailerons were enlarged and the flaps are electrically operated (manually handbrake type on the B). The sticks are bent back whereas they are straight ones for the CAP 10B. 
The production CAP 10C are also recognizable f.e. by the lack of the big fuel cap in front of the cockpit. 
Authorized load factors: + 6 G/-4,5 G for the CAP 10C and the initial CAP 10B, but these latter are restricted to + 5 G (+ 4,3 with two pilots) / - 3,5 G since the end of the 90's. 
282 CAP 10B were built since 1970; more than 300 CAP 10C were built and about 200 aircraft are still flying throughout the world.
Marianne Shaw-Maire  (Bruno Ghils) Adam Shaw  (Bruno Ghils)
Taking altitude for the display  (Cap Tens 2015) Here we go!  (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) Drawing a loop in the field  (Cap Tens 2015)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Top of loop  (Cap Tens 2015) (Bruno Ghils)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Mirror formation...  (Bruno Ghils) ..the same seen from inside  (Cap Tens 2015)
(Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Simply wonderfull  (Cap Tens 2015) Flying with hart!  (Bruno Ghils)
Back on earth after the splendid demonstration  (Bruno Ghils) (Bruno Ghils)
Human relationship
The commemorations (Patrick Brouckaert) (Patrick Brouckaert)

Belgian ambiance with "Grat" and... (Bruno Ghils) ...former Belgian F-16 display team (Bruno Ghils)
French Air Force ambassadors (Bruno Ghils) To Régis Grébent and all his fantastic team...Thank you!   (Bruno Ghils)

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